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Punjab

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About Punjab Edit

Punjab is a state in northwest India. Punjab borders the West Punjab to the west, Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the northeast, Haryana to the south and southeast, Chandigarh to the southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest. The total area of the state is 50,362 square kilometers (19,445 square miles). The population is 24,289,296 (2000). Punjab's capital is Chandigarh, which is administered separately as a Union Territory since it is also the capital of neighboring Haryana. Other major cities of Punjab include Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Patiala. The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the worlds first and oldest civilizations. It centered around the ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro located in the Pakistani province of Punjab and the Pakistani province of Sind, respectively. The Indian Punjab historically forms a part of the larger Punjab region, which includes some parts of Afghanistan, Pakistani province of Punjab and the North West Frontier Province, the Indian states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, parts of J&K and Delhi and the Union Territory of Chandigarh. Indian Punjab was trifurcated in the year 1966 leading to the formation of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. When partition was declared East Punjab was hit hard with violence which involved up to thousands and thousands of innocent people being displaced from their homes. Agriculture is the largest industry in Punjab. Others major industries include the manufacture of scientific instruments, electrical goods, financial services, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, tourism, fertilizers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. Punjab is considered to have the best infrastructure in India , this includes road, rail, air and river transport links that are extensive throughout the region. Punjab also has the lowest poverty rate in India at 6.16% (1999-2000 figures), and has won the best state performance award, based on statistical data compiled by the Indian Government.


Lok Sabha ConstituenciesEdit

The following 14 Lok Sabha Constituencies are located in Punjab: Amritsar (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Anandpur Sahib (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Bathinda (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Faridkot (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Fatehgarh Sahib (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Ferozpur (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Firozpur (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Gurdaspur (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Hoshiarpur (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Jalandhar (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Khadoor Sahib (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Ludhiana (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Patiala (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency, Sangrur (PB) Lok Sabha Constituency


Map Location Edit

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Districts in Punjab Edit

There are 20 districts in Punjab

Punjab district map

External Sites Edit

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