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Indian Parlimentary Elections 2009

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India will hold general elections to the 15th LokSabha in 5 phases on April 16, April 22, April 23, April 30, May 7 and May 13, 2009.[1] Results will be announced on May 16, 2009. The elections for 499 out of 543 Parliamentary Constituencies in all the states, NCT of Delhi and Union Territory of Pondicherry (except Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Manipur and Nagaland) will be held on the basis of the newly delimited constituencies as determined by the Delimitation Commission set up under the Delimitation Act, 2002[2]

Elections in India for the Lok Sabha (the national parliament) must be held at least every five years under normal circumstances. With the last elections held in 2004, the term of the 14th Lok Sabha expires on June 1, 2009.

During the budget presented in February 2009, Rupees 1,120 Crores (Approx. EUR 180 M) was budgeted for election expenses.[3]

National Issues for the Elections

Visions for the Next Prime Minister

Registering as a voter

Updating the Election Information

All the Lok-Sabha constituencies will have a page. You are invited to update the information on these pages. Each candidate will have a page and you are invited to contribute and update the pages for each candidate.

Polling Schedule

The following is the polling schedule for states announced by Chief Election Commissioner N Gopalaswami on March 2nd, 2009:

  • April 16 - Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Andaman and Nicobar Island, Lakshadweep.
  • April 23 - Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Orissa, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand.
  • April 30 - Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Dadar and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
  • May 7 - Bihar, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, westbengal and Delhi.
  • May 13 - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Chandigargh and Puducherry

Lead up to the announcement of polling dates

India's Chief Election Commissioner, N. Gopalaswami, had stated on December 28th, 2008, that the elections were likely to be held between April and May of 2009.[4] He attributed this schedule to the examination period from February to March, making polling places unavailable. [5]

Detailed Polling Schedule for each Phase

Detailed Schedule for 2009 General Elections
Poll Event Phases
Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5
Phase 2A Phase 2B Phase 3A Phase 3B Phase 3C Phase 5A Phase 5B
Announcement & Issues of Press Notes Mon, 02-Mar
Issue of Notification Mon, 23-Mar Sat, 28-Mar Thu, 02-Apr Sat, 11-Apr Fri, 17-Apr
Last Date for filing Nominations Mon, 30-Mar Sat, 04-Apr Thu, 09-Apr Sat, 18-Apr Fri, 24-Apr
Scrutiny of Nominations Tue, 31-Mar Mon, 06-Apr Sat, 11-Apr Fri, 10-Apr Mon, 20-Apr Sat, 25-Apr
Last Date for Withdrawal of Candidature Thu, 02-Apr Wed, 08-Apr Mon, 13-Apr Wed, 15-Apr Mon, 13-Apr Wed, 22-Apr Mon, 27-Apr Tue, 28-Apr
Date of Poll Thu, 16-Apr Wed, 22-Apr Thu, 23-Apr Thu, 30-Apr Thu, 07-May Wed, 13-May
Counting of Votes Sat, 16-May
Date before which election shall be Completed Thu, 28-May
Number of States & UTs 17 1 12 6 1 4 8 8 1
Number of Parliamentary Constituencies 124 1 140 77 1 29 85 72 14
Source: Official Press Release by Election Commission of India, dated March 2, 2009

Polling Schedule for each State/UT

Polling schedule for each State/UT in 2009 General Elections
States/UTs Constituencies Phases Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5
16-Apr 22,23-Apr 30-Apr 07-May 13-May
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1 1 1
Andhra Pradesh 42 2 22 20
Arunachal Pradesh 2 1 2
Assam 14 2 3 11
Bihar 40 4 13 13 11 3
Chandigarh 1 1 1
Chhattisgarh 11 1 11
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1 1 1
Daman & Diu 1 1 1
NCT of Delhi 7 1 7
Goa 2 1 2
Gujarat 26 1 26
Haryana 10 1 10
Himachal Pradesh 4 1 4
Jammu & Kashmir 6 5 1 1 1 1 2
Jharkhand 14 2 6 8
Karnataka 28 2 17 11
Kerala 20 1 20
Lakshadweep 1 1 1
Madhya Pradesh 29 2 13 16
Maharashtra 48 3 13 25 10
Manipur 2 2 1 1
Meghalaya 2 1 2
Mizoram 1 1 1
Nagaland 1 1 1
Orissa 21 2 10 11
Puducherry 1 1 1
Punjab 13 2 4 9
Rajasthan 25 1 25
Sikkim 1 1 1
Tamil Nadu 39 1 39
Tripura 2 1 2
Uttar Pradesh 80 5 16 17 15 18 14
Uttarakhand 5 1 5
West Bengal 42 3 14 17 11
Total Constituencies 543 124 141 107 85 86
Total States/UTs polling on this day 17 13 11 8 9
States/UTs Constituencies
Number of States & UTs polling in single phase 22 164
Number of States & UTs polling in two phases 8 163
Number of States & UTs polling in three phases 2 90
Number of States & UTs polling in four phases 1 40
Number of States & UTs polling in five phases 2 86
Total 35 543
Source: Official Press Release by Election Commission of India, dated March 2, 2009

Prime Ministerial Candidates

United Progressive Alliance Following the August 2008 confidence vote victory for the current government, a statement by Indian National Congress President Sonia Gandhi has caused speculation that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh would be projected as the Prime Ministerial candidate in the next elections.[6] Nationalist Congress Party leader Sharad Pawar has indicated that he is also a possible Prime Ministerial candidate post elections.[7] On January 24th, 2009, Manmohan Singh underwent cardiac bypass surgery at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.[8] Following the surgery, speculation of alternate PM candidates arose both within the Congress and amongst coalition partners. In an attempt to quell such speculations, Sonia Gandhi on February 6th, 2009, wrote in the Congress party magazine Sandesh that Manmohan Singh is the UPA coalition's Prime Ministerial candidate for the 2009 elections.[9]

National Democratic Alliance The main opposition, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its coalition partners in the National Democratic Alliance, announced on December 11, 2007 that their candidate for prime minister would be BJP party leader Lal Krishna Advani,[10] the Leader of the Opposition. On January 23, 2008, leaders from BJP and other NDA parties convened to officially elect him their candidate[11]. No other party or alliance has announced a prime ministerial candidate.

United National Progressive Alliance A motley group of regional parties, as well as the Communist parties, have been striving to form a third front to counter the BJP-led and Congress-led alliances. Among the possible members are the United National Progressive Alliance, India's Left parties and the Bahujan Samaj Party. Once again, the media has speculated that Mayawati, the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, could potentially be projected as the front's Prime Ministerial candidate, but no official move has taken place yet. If Mayawati's party can win enough seats, she has openly stated that she would be willing to take the support of the national parties to become Prime Minister. [12] No other candidate has publicly expressed interest in becoming Prime Minister thus far.

Coalition Members

*1 - Though not officially a UPA member, the Trinamool Congress announced on March 1st, 2009, that it would form an alliance with the Indian National Congress in the state of West Bengal for the 2009 general elections.[13]



Lok Sabha Election
Conducting the Elections to the 15th Lok Sabha
Planned Start: 2nd March 2009 Planned Completion: 28th May 2009



References

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