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Barack Obama, born 1961 in Hawaii, is the 44th, and the first African-American, President of the United States. In a hard-fought Democratic Party nomination campaign, he eventually outran previous front-runner Hillary Clinton (the wife of former President Clinton), then obtained a convincing presidential victory over the new Republican Party candidate John McCain. Mrs Clinton, who had actively supported his presidential campaign, was appointed Secretary of State.
Unusually for "black" citizens of the United States, Obama's ancestry includes few if any slaves and several slave-owners. His father was born in Kenya and his "white" mother had some Virginia plantation-owners in her background.